Iterative regularization for low complexity regularizers


Séminaire Données et Aléatoire Théorie & Applications

1/12/2022 - 14:00 Mathurin Massias (Inria Lyon) Salle 106

Iterative regularization exploits the implicit bias of an optimization algorithm to regularize ill-posed problems. Constructing algorithms with such built-in regularization mechanisms is a classic challenge in inverse problems but also in modern machine learning, where it provides both a new perspective on algorithms analysis, and significant speed-ups compared to explicit regularization. In this work, we propose and study the first iterative regularization procedure able to handle biases described by non smooth and non strongly convex functionals, prominent in low-complexity regularization. Our approach is based on a primal-dual algorithm of which we analyze convergence and stability properties, even in the case where the original problem is unfeasible. The general results are illustrated considering the special case of sparse recovery with the ℓ1 penalty. Our theoretical results are complemented by experiments showing the computational benefits of our approach.