A Brief Glimpse on Emerging Time Integration Methods for Weather and Climate Simulations



27/01/2022 - 11:30 Martin Schreiber (Université Grenoble Alpes) IMAG 106

Weather and climate simulations face new challenges due to changes in computer architectures caused by physical limitations. From a pure computing perspective, algorithms are required to cope with stagnating or even decreasing per-core speed and increasing on-chip parallelism. These trends will continue and already led to research on partly disruptive mathematical and algorithmic reformulations of dynamic cores, e.g., using (additional) parallelism along the time dimension.

This presentation provides an overview and introduction of a variety of promising newly developed and evaluated time integration methods for equations related to prototypical dynamical cores, all aimed at improving the ratio of wall clock time vs. error: Rational Approximation of Exponential Integration (REXI), Parallel Full Approximation Scheme in Space and Time (PFASST) and Semi-Lagrangian methods combined with Parareal. We get improved time-vs.-error
rates, but sometimes with additional challenges on the way which needs to be further overcome. Overall, our results motivate further investigation and combination of these methods for operational weather/climate systems.

I gratefully acknowledge collaborators related to this presentation
Jed Brown, Finn Capelle, François Hamon, Terry Haut, Richard Loft, Michael Minion, Matthew Normile, Nathanaël Schaeffer, Andreas Schmitt, Pedro S. Peixoto, Raphael Schilling